Obesity

Obesity is an excess proportion of total body fat , which means that there is more body fat than average.   Another definition for obesity is a range of weight that is greater than what is normally considered healthy for a certain height .   What is usually considered obese is if an average person’s Body Mass Index (BMI) is over 30.  For example, for a person with the height 5”9 weighs about 124 lbs or less, their body mass index is 18.4 and they are considered underweight.  If person ends up weighing around 125 lbs. to 168 lbs, their body mass index is 18.5 to 24.9 and this means they are at reasonably healthy weight.  But, if the person who is 5”9 weighs 203 lbs and over their body mass index will be 30 or higher, which is not good and they will be considered obese.  Also there is another type of obesity, Morbid Obesity. This mean that one is 50% - 100% over his or her body weight and their body mass index is 40 and over.  Morbid obesity is someone who is really overweight that their weight can have a fatal and severe interference with their health and normal function.  Basically obesity is when a person takes up and consume more calories than they burn off, so instead of losing calories, they are gaining calories.

There are many different factors that lead to obesity.  One cause of obesity is something no one can help or change; it is just a natural part of life which is age.  The reason for this is because as you age your metabolism begins to slow down after a while, this means that you do not need as much calories as you needed before to keep and maintain weight .  This refers to why people say they eat the same and do the same activities they did when they younger, but when they get older they start to gain weight.

Another factor that causes obesity,  another thing that we have no control over, is gender.  Which gender is most likely to gain more weight?  Most people think it would be males just for the fact that males just eat more meat and things that are mostly unhealthy, while females eat more things that would be more on the healthy side like vegetables and fruits.  However, the gender that tends to be more overweight is not males but females.  The reason why females tend to be more overweight is because men have a higher metabolic resting rate; this means men burn a lot more energy at rest than women, so men need to eat more calories than women do to maintain the right body weight.

Another way obesity is caused is through genetics.  Genetics can play a big part of your health.  Obesity and also being thin/ skinny is something that usually runs through families.  Researchers found that the average participating adult weight is closer to their biological parent.  There also about a 75% chance that you will be heavy if your biological mother was heavy as an adult.  Same goes for if you are skinny/ thin, if your biological mother was thin as an adult, there is a 75% chance you will become thin as well.  Usually though some people do not get affected by these genetics at all.

The main causes of obesity is lifestyle.  The way you eat and the amount of exercise you get are major factors.   If your lifestyle is not healthy you will be most likely to be obese.   Make sure to drink a good amount of water, because water is one of the healthiest drinks/ liquids you can drink.  Watch what you eat and make sure you get a decent amount of exercise; make exercise a daily investment to better health.  Usually a person should exercise on an average of 45 minutes, but most people do not have enough time to work out for that long so it is recommended that you split was 45 minutes into two 20 minute cardio workout, this way you can spread out and divide each of your workout and still have time to do other things on your schedule.

Eating healthy is huge parts of preventing obesity.  Eating breakfast can also help people stay healthy and fit since breakfast is usually high in fiber like fruits (strawberries, grapes, apples, watermelons, oranges, and many more), oatmeal, and wholegrain cereals (Cocoa Puffs, Cheerios, Trix, basically all General Mills Cereals) which helps lower our cholesterol because they absorb the cholesterol.  Eating breakfast is one of the most effective ways to rev up your metabolism, have more energy, or lose weight.  Everyone should strive for an increased metabolism, which can be achieved through exercise and eating regularly. All the latest diets encourage three(3) small meals a days with snacks in between to prevent cravings and binge eating.

Eating high fiber foods, like brown rice with chickpeas and sautéed vegetables for lunch, is also a good way to keep yourself healthy and not becoming or from being obese.  The reason for this is because high fiber foods keep you full and also take longer to be digested.  That helps your blood sugar stays at an even keel instead of rapidly dropping and falling.  People should also drink water, because some people can mix up being dehydrated with them being hungry. The FDA also recommends that people should drink at least 10 cups of water a day because it cleanses and helps get rid of all the toxins in your body.  Makes sure you get plenty of calcium as well.  Calcium plays a big part in how our body breaks down fats and stores fats.  The more calcium in a fat cell, the more fat it burns.  Also you should only eat when you are hungry.  People should only eat when their body signals them to eat; this is a better and more efficient way of staying healthy and stay away from becoming obese. 

Some medication can also be a cause of excessive weight gain, like steroids.  Another thing that can be huge cause for people being or becoming obese is psychological factors.  Psychological factors can greatly effect eating habits which leads to obesity.  Most people respond to negative emotions by eating; for example, boredom, sadness, or anger.  People who have problems maintaining proper weight usually go through more harder and difficult emotional stages.  Studies show that about 30% of people who look for help for serious weight problems have difficult issues with binge eating.  Binge eating is when people or a person eats large amounts of food while feeling like they cannot control how much they are eating.  Binge eating is a huge and common reason for people becoming obese.  There are also some illnesses that can cause obesity as well.  Hypothyroidism where poorly acting thyroid slows metabolism, depression, and other rare diseases of the brain that can lead to overeating.

There can be many different effects that obesity can have on people.  One of the effects obesity can have is health issues.  Statistics show that obesity causes about over 300,000 premature deaths in the United States.  Some health issues that can be caused by obesity is backaches and life threatening conditions like, cancer, diabetes, heart attack, atherosclerosis (means hardening of the arteries), and many more.  Obesity can also have mental effects on people like low self-esteem, anxiety, and depression.  For example, people usually shun people who are overweight.   In some cultures and religions, being obese is a highly stigmatized as bad thing; it is viewed a sign of being greedy. Most people view obese people as lazy, this is also like stereotyping.  Obesity can also negatively affect careers.  In some careers you need to be fit like being a firefighter. Firefighters need to be in excellent shape to carry victims, all the equipment they hold and wear, and also need have some type of athleticism.

Childhood Obesity
Our children today are also greatly affected by obesity.   Nowadays, more and more children are becoming more lazy , eating more, and being less active.  One of the reasons for this is due to the fact of the car.  Children are not walking as much and depend on the car for their transformational uses.  This is basically influencing children to become lazier and be less active. 

Another contributor to our children are becoming less active and being obese is technology (Childhood Obesity Statistics); specifically computers and video game systems like the Xbox, PlayStation, and Nintendo, these things replaced almost everything you would expect a kid to normally do which be going outside, run around, hang with their friends outside to actually communicate face to face, person to person.  Now children think their “interacting” with their friends by texting each other through their cellphones and playing online video games, talking to each other though their microphone headsets is “interacting”.

Childhood obesity has both immediate and long-term effects on health and well-being.

Immediate health effects:

Obese youth are more likely to have risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as high cholesterol or high blood pressure. In a population-based sample of 5- to 17-year-olds, 70% of obese youth had at least one risk factor for cardiovascular disease.  Obese adolescents are more likely to have prediabetes, a condition in which blood glucose levels indicate a high risk for development of diabetes.  Children and adolescents who are obese are at greater risk for bone and joint problems, sleep apnea, and social and psychological problems such as stigmatization and poor self-esteem.

Long-term health effects:

Children and adolescents who are obese are likely to be obese as adults and are therefore more at risk for adult health problems such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, several types of cancer, and osteoarthritis.  One study showed that children who became obese as early as age 2 were more likely to be obese as adults.   Overweight and obesity are associated with increased risk for many types of cancer, including cancer of the breast, colon, endometrium, esophagus, kidney, pancreas, gall bladder, thyroid, ovary, cervix, and prostate, as well as multiple myeloma and Hodgkin’s lymphoma

 

Parents should try to make sure their children get as much exercise as possible. They should also make sure their children eat right and healthy, which means they should try and replace unhealthy junk foods (chips, soda, candy, and etc.) with healthy foods like fruits and vegetables. This way the child will be more fit and in shape and will not have to endure the pain and suffering of being obese.

Obesity greatly effects people’s lives and has a huge impact on our society today. It is a problem that needs to stop. Obesity is not a good thing period.

 

 

Prevention
Healthy lifestyle habits, including healthy eating and physical activity, can lower the risk of becoming obese and developing related diseases.

 

Body Mass Index is one common method used to measure overweight and obesity.  BMI is a measure of body fat based on a person's weight and height.  The BMI chart shows four ranges: underweight, healthy, overweight and obese.  Staying within the healthy range throughout life is important for reducing many health risks.


The Body Mass Index (BMI) is calculated with the formula weight in kilogramm divided by body height to square. To make it easy for visitor of your homepage to calculate the Body Mass Index (BMI), use the Free BMI Widget by BMI-Club . Allow me to call your attention to About BMI.
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*BMI may not be an accurate measure for everyone — including people who have more muscle mass (like athletes), seniors with less muscle mass or people under 5 feet tall.  If you are at high risk, learn how you can lose weight.  If you are not at risk, learn how to prevent weight gain.

BMI Meaning


This is the official classification of the Body Mass Index from the World Health Organization.

Meaning

BMI

Normal weight 19–24.9
Over weight 25–29.9
Obesity I 30–34.9
Obesity II 35–39.9
Obesity III ≥ 40

This strict classification is good for science. Real classification of any single person it isn't perfect.  For example, sex or age is not taken into consideration. But there are classification, which take care of this.  Here is the table of National Research Council (NRC) from 1989:

Age

BMI

19–24 19–24
25–34 20–25
35–44 21–26
45–54 22–27
55–64 23–28
Ab 65 24–29

 

Waist Circumference
Waist circumference is another method of assessing your body weight.  All you need to do is find a tape measure and follow these easy steps.

  1. Place a tape measure around your waist above the tip of your hipbone.

  2. Measure your waist after exhaling.

  3. Determine your health risk. For women, a waist measurement of 31.5 inches or more indicates high risk. For men, a waist measurement of 37 inches or more indicates high risk.

Wait to Hip Ratio

To determine if you have a healthy waist to hip ratio, use a measuring tape to measure the circumference of your hips at the widest part of your buttocks. Then measure your waist at the smaller circumference of your natural waist, usually just above the belly button.

To determine the ratio, divide your waist measurement by your hip measurement.

Research shows that people with "apple-shaped" bodies (with more weight around the waist) face more health risks than those with "pear-shaped" bodies who carry more weight around the hips

You can enter your measurement as get your results by clicking the following link: Waist to Hip Ratio